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What is Dental Disease?

Periodontal disease is the most common clinical condition occurring in adult dogs and cats, and is entirely preventable.  By three years of age, most dogs and cats have some evidence of periodontal disease. Unfortunately, other than bad breath, there are few signs of the disease process evident to the owner, and professional dental cleaning and periodontal therapy often comes too late to prevent extensive disease or to save teeth.

As a result, periodontal disease is usually under-treated, and may cause multiple problems in the oral cavity and may be associated with damage to internal organs in some patients as they age.

Periodontal disease begins when bacteria in the mouth form a substance called plaque that sticks to the surface of the teeth.  Subsequently, minerals in the saliva harden the plaque into dental calculus (tartar), which is firmly attached to the teeth. Tartar above the gum line is obvious to many owners, but is not of itself the cause of disease. 

The real problem develops as plaque and calculus spread under the gum line. Bacteria in this ‘sub-gingival’ plaque set in motion a cycle of damage to the supporting tissues around the tooth, eventually leading to loss of the tooth. Bacteria under the gum line secrete toxins, which contribute to the tissue damage if untreated. These bacteria also stimulate the animal’s immune system. The initial changes cause white blood cells and inflammatory chemical signals to move into the periodontal space (between the gum or bone and the tooth).


The function of the white blood cells is to destroy the bacterial invaders, but chemicals released by the overwhelmed white blood cells cause damage to the supporting tissues of the tooth. Instead of helping the problem, the patient’s own protective system actually worsens the disease when there is severe build-up of plaque and tartar.

We highly recommend brushing your Pets Teeth Daily, feeding raw meat and a yearly Professional

Dental Clean. Please don't do nothing.

Signs of Dental Disease in your Pet

  1. discolouration or build-up on teeth

  2. bad breath

  3. under eye swelling

  4. discomfort, lumps, or bleeding around the mouth

  5. sneezing

  6. gum redness or inflammation

  7. pawing at the mouth

  8. difficulty eating or loss of appetite

How to Help your Pet's Teeth

  1. feed them fresh raw meat

  2. decrease dry foods

  3. use dental toys

  4. brush their teeth daily

  5. use pet friendly dental paste

  6. organic coconut oil is great for dental health in both dogs and cats

  7. Book yearly Dental Checks

  8. Book yearly Dental Cleaning

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